Punnamada Lake

Punnamada Lake also called Punnamada Kayal is a part of the Vembanad Lake, which is the biggest lake in Kerala. Vembanad Lake spans to a number of districts in Kerala. Hence, it is called by different names at different parts of Kerala. When the lake reaches Kuttanad, it is called Punnamada Lake or Punnamada Kayal. The Port of Kochi is located around two islands the Willingdon Island and Vallarpadam which lie in this lake. The lake is called Kochi Lake in this part of Kerala. The famous Annual Nehru Trophy Race of Kerala is also conducted on parts of Punnamada Lake. The Kochi Lake is a portion of the Vembanad Lake, which is located in and around the Kochi Mainland. Kochi Lake forms home for several groups of small islands, which include Vypin, Mulavukad, Vallarpadam and Willingdon Island. Kochi Lake is home for the Kochi Port, which has been built around the Willingdon Island, as well as the Vallarpadam Island. Punnamada wetland system has a wide spanning area of over 2033.02sqkm hence making it the largest wetland system in India. The major part which interests the modern scholars and tourists alike is the Barrier Island which separates the fresh water lake from the saline marine water. The canals link the lake to the other fresh water resources and lakes which keep the inflow of the fresh water into this water body. Punnamada Lake surrounds three main islands of Kerala, which are Pathiramanal, Perumbalam and Pallippuram. The islands are located on the widest part of the lake where the width of the lake is widest in breadth, approximately 14km. The lake is an extension of Vembanad Kayal, which spans from Alappuzha in the south to Azheekkode in the north. The total area which is drained by the lake is 15,770sqkm, which is almost 40% of the total area of Kerala state.       Book Now

Pampa (Pamba) River

Kerala is blessed with several forms of water sources lakes, rivers, ponds, backwaters. This has made Kerala a tourist destination. Out of 44 rivers in Tamil Nadu and Kerala, forty one rivers move westwards. Pamba River is one of them. These rivers originate as a small stream and become larger when others join in. The Pamba River is the third largest river in Kerala after Periyar and Bharathapuzha rivers. It is also the longest in the state that was earlier known as Travancore. This river arises from the Western Ghats. It begins at Pulachimalai at a height of1650 meters. It moves into Ranni, Kozhenchery, Tiruvalla, Chengannur, Kuttanad, Karthikapally and Ambalappuzha. It finally reaches and empties itself into a lake-Vembanad. The Western Ghats serves as a boundary on the eastern side for the Pamba basin. In its north lies the Manimala River basin while in the south it has the Achnkovil River basin. This river water is used for irrigation, drinking water, fishing, and hydro electricity and so is important for the region. This river is fed by rain and becomes dry during the summer season. The river is a considered holy and is referred as the Dakshin Ganges. Pilgrims dip in the river before they proceed to the Sabarimala temple which was built in honour of Lord Ayyappa, a temple that is Kerala largest pilgrim destination.      Book Now